Frederick Douglass is a famous abolitionist, which made a great impact in the history of African American people. He wrote an autobiography in which he presents different arguments about freedom and liberty. The first argument that Douglass makes about freedom is that idea of liberation can come from written sources. Thus, Frederick Douglass understood that he had a strong determination to escape only after reading books. In fact, books can reveal truth about slavery and social injustice.
For example, the book Columbian Orator made Douglass think about the idea of abolition. That is why books became a primary source of inspiration for many enslaved people. Despite the fact that his slave-owner was against his education, Douglass wanted to read and learn how to write, because books made him understand the phenomenon of slavery from within. Nevertheless, knowledge does not guarantee freedom though giving a very powerful motivation. It is also very interesting to notice that he was educated by the slave owner and eventually he was motivated by the books which he read, such as Columbian Orator.
Another argument is that many people can manipulate the idea of freedom. Many slaves have been promised freedom and then, eventually, deceived. Therefore, freedom is very hard to attain. Nevertheless, Douglas always believed in better future and stayed positive. Another important point is that songs performed many vital functions in the struggle for freedom. In order to cope with the problem of enslavement, people were trying to find relief in different inspirational songs. Songs possess a great power which can unite people. They were important for slaves, because while singing, slaves could set their souls free and express their true emotions.
There are also many different symbols of freedom in his autobiography. For example, Douglass talks to ships because he is jealous of their freedom. Therefore, the bay, as well as ships, symbolized freedom. Douglass believes that escaping on the ship can open new opportunities in his life. The last and one of the most important arguments about freedom is to never lose hope. Despite the fact that his master was a cruel person, Douglas never lost his hope for freedom. He also believed that one day his slave-owner would free all his slaves. He was also extremely motivated and that is why he eventually starts rebelling against his master. This decision was an important turning point in his life, because it allowed him to become more confident and, as a result, escape enslavement.
Overall, Frederick Douglass describes his life and his route to freedom and liberation. He also stresses several important arguments about freedom. For instance, he stresses that knowledge and reading can be very powerful sources of motivation, as well as songs, which give one an opportunity to express emotions and inner desires. In addition, another important argument about freedom is to always believe in better future. Thus, Frederick managed to grow strong in his desire to be free, rebelled, and later escaped enslavement. Therefore, these main ideas of freedom had a very important function, because they were able to inspire many people.