Cognitive development related to acquiring or obtaining knowledge in the widest sense. These include the growth in memory, judgement, perception as well as accumulation of facts. The discussion revolving around the newborn cognitive development, include an explanation on normal development, maturation and learning. An argument by researchers explains that newborn do not come into the world only as receivers but as participants, ready and eager to interact with anything that surrounds them. An assumption by adults is that, the newborn do not have good vision and cannot clearly distinguish light and dark and focus on objects from 8 to 12 inches away. In reality, newborn intellects are working very well long before they start talking.
Consequently, just from the beginning, the baby would prefer to sleep in a particular position to another. As they grow to the eighth week, they become able to distinguish shapes, see colours by reacting to bright colours such as red and blue. They also get in a position to like faces than inanimate objects. The babies’ senses participate in the process of development right from the moment of birth. The baby is able to differentiate the sweet taste of sugar in water, and like the smell of bananas to shrimp. Infants recognize sound and mostly like high-pitched sounds. After some weeks from birth, they are able to recognise and respond to their mother’s voice.
The capabilities of infants vary tremendously due to inherited differences. Studies explain that genes may influence behaviour under certain environmental conditions. The environment must be able to provide warmth and nourishment, both physical and emotional, for the baby to reach her full growth potential. The level of child intelligence may also be affected by the environmental factors. This explains that the level of child intelligence is not fixed at birth, but it is subject to change.