Symbolism is one of key stylistic devices applied in literature work. Writers use this style to make their work interesting, particularly when there is the need to use some objects or things to represent a character or a concept. In most cases authors use symbolism to avoid direct confrontation such that they present their information for the reader to judge in their own ways. This is unlike where a writer presents his or her intended message directly. A Perfect Day for Bananafish is one such literature work where symbolism is highly applied. The word Bananafish is symbolically used in the story, it is therefore in order to discuss the use of the word as a symbol.
Bananafish are by nature imaginary organism which gorge into a banana and die due to the effect of fever. They are symbolically used to represent a key character named Seymour, in the short story. He participated in the Second World War II, after which he had to struggle to reunite with other people in the society. He developed very strong emotions from the experience of war including materialism, greed and meanness. He suffers from lack of outlet for these emotions. As a human being, he was psychologically damaged and that could get the appropriate care. Seymour does not in any way understand the world in which Muriel and her family exist; he behaves inappropriately which was dangerous to those living around him. In the attempt, to express his manhood he is devoted to Sybil and other children, though in vain. This symbolizes that he was yearning to be better than he was perceived to be. Seymour has grown with a lot of emotions which overflows into a painful state and eventually he dies out of the effect. This is the same way as bananafish behave when they get fat enough and come out of their holes only to die of fever.