A grave digger can be motivated by appreciating and recognizing them in case they do a good job. They can also be motivated by providing fair wages to ensure appropriate compensation for the work done. Furthermore, they should be trained in order for them to acquire better digging skills. Moreover, grave diggers can be motivated by providing them with efficient digging facilities and better working conditions.
Mace (1994) in Great Britain illustrated an example of a successful motivation. He conducted a series of experiments and found that the standards set acted as motivating factors only if such standards were set in line with the skills of the people. The standards ensured that every person was able to work more in order to meet the expectations as outlined. Managers formulate realistic organizational goals and objectives while recognizing the findings of Mace (1994).
Extrinsic motivation refers to motivation that is acquired outside an individual. Better pay is an example of extrinsic motivation. This is because an employee is motivated to work more when there are chances of rewards such as salary increase. Good working conditions also act as extrinsic motivators. Employees are motivated to work more under working conditions that ensure maintenance of safety measures. Intrinsic motivation, on the other hand, refers to motivation acquired from intangible motivating factors. A feeling of accomplishment is an example of intrinsic motivator. For example, a nurse may have a feeling of pride and accomplishment when assisting patients. The sense of competence is another example of intrinsic motivation. Employees with a sense of competence have the feeling that they perform their tasks with outstanding skills and that their output is of high quality and accepted standards.