Video game addiction entails the overuse of video games. The addiction has taken root in many countries, that is why the discussions are underway for it. Video game addiction is considered under the next DSM manual as a disorder. Several reasons make video games compelling to the players. These include advanced graphics, characters in the video games that are very realistic, and greater strategic challenges. Three probable causes of addiction are identified which include connection to other players, rewards, and freedom. Such symptoms of video game addictions as sleep deprivation, lose or weight gain, poor personal hygiene, and unproductiveness in work can be compared with those of drug addiction. Thus, this problem has to be closely monitored by governments around the world in order to combat any further detrimental effects.
This essay explicates the causes and symptoms of video game addiction.
Bruner' & Bruner (2006) indicate connection to other players as the first cause of video game addiction. The connection to other players leads to video game addiction because the player in question has found people with whom he shares the same hobby. This starts as a challenge and ends up as an addiction because the players keep finding time and spending long hours again playing video games (Bruner' & Bruner, 2006).
Clark & Scott (2009) point out “rewards” inherent in the video games as the main cause of addiction. According to the authors, video games usually avail a challenge to the gamers who usually want to score higher every time they play a game. Thus, it is not every time that the players are successful when playing a video game, which forces them to redo the game again and again. As a player progresses from one level to another, he is motivated by the reward and wants to play the game further. Consequently, the person becomes attached, which explains video game addiction.
On the other hand, Griffiths (2002) intimates that freedom is the main cause of video game addiction. The author indicates that many people nowadays are afflicted with the pressures of the world. Even school kids undergo a lot of stress while at school, and that is why they end up as video game addicts. Thus, the addiction can be explained from the fact that the gamers release all their emotions and pressures while playing the video games.
Sleep deprivation is the first symptom of video game addiction. Sleep deprivation occurs because of attachment to the video games. Thus, an addict will want to spend long hours playing the game that he forfeits sleep to play. Secondly, Clark & Scott (2009) affirm that weight gain or lose of weight can emanate from video game addiction. This is because some gamers do not engage in physical exercises all together while others forfeit food in order to finish their set targets while playing video games. Poor personal hygiene has also been cited as a symptom of video game addiction. Research by Bruner' & Bruner (2006) asserts that most gamers are not mindful of their surroundings because they are only focused on their game interface. The many hours employed in playing video games make the addicts forget taking a shower or brushing their teeth. Lastly, unproductiveness is also a symptom of video game addiction. Unproductiveness is linked to many areas such as school and work.
In conclusion, this essay has provided a definition of video game addiction and outlined the reasons that make video games compelling to the addicts. The essay has also explored three main causes of video game addiction which include rewards, freedom, and the connection to other players. Lastly, the essay has explored the main symptoms of video game addiction.