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Principles of Machiavelli

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Machiavelli does not use a notion of state sovereignty in his work, so here is what I wouldn’t like to see in the modern world of politics, because one of the greatest victories of today’s world is political respect to sovereignty and the non-division of territory and power.

I wouldn’t like to see governments act solely from the viewpoint of profit and rationality, without moral. We have already seen what this can take to  during the XX century.

Loyalty towards the members of the government and attention to the moods that the people have would be useful to take, nonetheless.

Machiavelli taught not only to set power but also gave a large value to the fact of how to save this power. An author gives advices not abstract, but confirmed according to the real historical events. In the question of maintenance of power after its conquest, Machiavelli examines plenty of suitable methods: choice of friends and advisers, building or, vice versa, destruction of fortresses, maintenance of army et cetera.  Honoring and respect of sovereign citizens are one of main terms of maintenance of his authorities in the country. “Nothing can give one such respect to the sovereign, as soldiery enterprises and extraordinary acts”,  Machiavelli asserts. Essentially, he expounds the original code of conduct and actions of new sovereign, which must be directed on the increase of his authority up in the country and abroad, on glorification of his name, virtues and valor. 

A “sovereign is respected also, if he openly declares himself an enemy or friend”, that does not hesitate, if it is needed to come forward after or against. Machiavelli is drawn by the multilateral look of new sovereign. An author does not walk around by a side with such important question, as advisers of ruler are his nearest surroundings. Whether they are good or bad “depends on prudence of sovereigns”. Exactly that, what people think of a ruler approaches to the person, talks about his wisdom. Machiavelli considers that as the first error or, vice versa, the first success.

Machiavellian principles have served, by the way, one of the fundamental bases for Hobbs’ theory of “war of everybody against everybody”. Both of these authors recognized the struggle for power and for material goods as the stimuli for human activity within the society.

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