Henry Kissinger was a controversial figure that emerged from the Cold War having participated as a scholar, soldier and a statesman in many debates during that time. He was involved in International affairs where he acted as a diplomat and an official to the White House. As a result, the media portrayed Henry Kissinger as a genius that wielded power during important times of history.
On the 23th of January 1973, there was an agreement that ended ceasefire between the United States of America and Vietnam Democratic Republic. On October 16th of the same year Le Duc and Henry Kissinger were awarded a Peace Prize for being the chief negotiators who led to the ceasefire. The war did not only affect the two countries but also the rest of the world.
Kissinger had conducted doctrine thesis which focused on the period of peace witnessed in Europe from 1814. Henry emphasized on the fact that peace was bound to the International Orders that were based on Universal principle of the behavior of States in relation to one another. The United States political system differed greatly from the one in Vietnam. The United States being a great powerhad many conflicting interests with the Vietnams. According to Kissinger that principles and rules were to be respected as they helped avoid differences interests and systems that resulted to war.
Kissinger emphasized on diplomatic relations as afactor for the promotion of peace. Kissinger had an overriding idea in relation to foreign policy where peace was supposed to be on the rules of all the states where even the greater powers were supposed to adhere to them in their conduct. He continued to suggest that a dangerous situation would arise when a nation demands peace for a price and does not ensure that other nations too are adhering to the rules.
In his doctoral thesis, Kissinger suggests that "Whenever peace – conceived as the avoidance of war – has been the primary objective of a power or a group of powers, the international system has been at the mercy of the most ruthless member of the international community."
The background of Kissinger placed him at a better advantage to negotiate for peace between the United States and the Vietnam Democratic Republic. Kissinger also stated that when extremists would be entrusted with the powers of the State, they would not be willing to permanent relations between states.
Henry as a negotiator was also concerned with how The United States would be able to defend itself strongly as compared to Vietnam Democratic Republic who had not developed atomic weapons. He also commented and suggestedthat it was important for all the great powers to ensure that is nuclear war amongst them.According to his own opinion, the United States should abandon it role as the “World Policeman” but should rather enter into equal partnership with other powers with an aim of promoting peace in the world.
By the 1970s, Henry had won many acclaims for being a sophisticated thinker. He was an influential adviser to the president in 1975. He also served as a Secretary of State up to 1977 where he formed his own private company that was offering advice on foreign investments and International affairs. Having this vast knowledge, Henry Kissinger was well suited to be the negotiator in the war between the United States andVietnam Democratic Republic. This explains the reasons as to why he was successful in his negotiation efforts.The defenders of Henry Kissinger praise him for promoting peace between the Middle East and the United States while his critics argue that his ideas were meant to protect the interest of America at the expense of people in the Soviet Union. It is worth noting that Kissinger managed to have the United States troops removed from Vietnam through shuttle diplomacy.
Through background experience coupled with training, Kissinger was best suited to take the role of a negotiator and this explains the reasons for his success.Having served in the government in the 1970s, Kissinger was considered an expert in Cold War as he used his knowledge to influence policies.
Kissinger suggested that moral values played a great role in the securing of national interests. America had interfered with the affairs of Vietnam as they considered the State to be corrupt thus unpopular.It meant that once Americans departure Vietnam, there would be bombing if the negotiation never yielded fruits. Kissinger was successful in the negotiations to end the Vietnam Warand still preserved the power of the Americans.
It can thus be argued that the powers of Henry Kissinger came from his ability to be able to use the background experience that he had together with talents and experiences. This helped him in guidance during the period of negotiation. Kissinger successfully established the Paris Peace Accord which helped end the war in Vietnam and was also able to negotiate his way out during that tough situation.
The world today is aware of the misery that the war caused to the people of Vietnam and it is thus important that nations avoid a repeat of the same. The war not only affected the people in Vietnam but also from all over the world.
The negotiations for ceasefire were initiated in Paris in 1969 where an agreement was reached.Henry Kissinger was fully aware a ceasefire would end the war and not a peace agreement.Henry was also aware that Vietnams situation would pose a threat to détente in the world. Hence the ceasefire by Kissinger can be argued to be an important step to peace in Vietnam.